Maryland Consumer Loan Bond: A Comprehensive Guide
May 28, 2021
This guide provides information for insurance agents to help their customers obtain Maryland Consumer Loan Bonds
At a Glance:
- Average Cost: Between $750 to $3,750 per year based on the applicant’s credit
- Bond Amount: $50,000
- Who Needs it: All consumer loan companies operating in Maryland
- Purpose: To ensure the public will receive compensation for any damages should the consumer loan company fail to comply with licensing law
- Who Regulates Consumer Loan Companies in Maryland: The Maryland Commissioner of Financial Regulation
Maryland statute 14-1903 requires all credit services businesses operating in the state to obtain a license with the Commissioner of Financial Regulation. The Maryland legislature enacted the licensing laws and regulations to ensure that credit services businesses engage in ethical business practices. In order to provide financial security for the enforcement of the licensing law, credit services businesses must purchase and maintain a $50,000 surety bond to be eligible for licensure.
What is the Purpose of the Maryland Consumer Loan Bond?
Maryland requires consumer loan companies to purchase a surety bond as part of the application process to obtain a business license. The bond ensures that the public will receive compensation for financial harm if the consumer loan company fails to comply with the licensing regulations set forth in Maryland statutes 11-201-223. Specifically, the bond protects the public in the event the consumer loan company engages in any acts of fraud or breaches contracts made with consumers. In short, the bond is a type of insurance that protects the public if the consumer loan company breaks licensing laws.
How Can an Insurance Agent Obtain a Maryland Consumer Loan Surety Bond?
BondExchange makes obtaining a Maryland Consumer Loan Bond easy. Simply login to your account and use our keyword search to find the “consumer” bond in our database. Don’t have a login? Enroll now and let us help you satisfy your customers’ needs. Our friendly underwriting staff is available by phone (800) 438-1162, email or chat from 7:30 AM to 7:00 PM EST to assist you.
At BondExchange, our 40 years of experience, leading technology, and access to markets ensures that we have the knowledge and resources to provide your clients with fast and friendly service whether obtaining quotes or issuing bonds.
Is a Credit Check Required for the Maryland Consumer Loan Bond?
Surety companies will run a credit check on the owner’s of the consumer loan company to determine eligibility and pricing for the Maryland Consumer Loan bond. Owners with excellent credit and work experience can expect to receive the best rates. Owners with poor credit may be declined by some surety companies or pay higher rates. The credit check is a “soft hit”, meaning that the credit check will not affect the owner’s credit.
How Much Does the Maryland Consumer Loan Bond Cost?
The Maryland Consumer Loan surety bond can cost anywhere between $750 to $3,750 per year. Insurance companies determine the rate based on a number of factors including your customer’s credit score and experience. The chart below offers a quick reference for the approximate bond cost on the $50,000 bond requirement.
$50,000 Consumer Loan Bond Cost
|Credit Score||Bond Cost (1 year)|
|575 – 799||$1,875|
|550 – 574||$2,500|
|500 – 549||$3,750|
*The credit score ranges do not include other factors that may result in a change to the annual premium offered to your customers, including but not limited to, years of experience and underlying credit factors contained within the business owner’s credit report.
How Does Maryland Define “Consumer Loan Company?”
Maryland statute 11-201 defines a consumer loan company as any business entity that issues loans to consumers.
How do Consumer Loan Companies Apply for a License in Maryland?
Consumer loan companies in Maryland must navigate several steps to secure their license. Below are the general guidelines, but applicants should refer to the NMLS’s application guidelines for details on the process.
License Period – The Maryland Consumer Loan License expires on December 31 of each year and must be renewed before the expiration date
Step 1 – Meet the Liquid Asset Requirements
Applicants for the Maryland Consumer Loan License must have a minimum of $20,000 in liquid assets available to be utilized by the company. Applicants must submit either a financial statement or a verified liquid asset letter confirming the availability of the funds when submitting their license application.
Step 2 – Purchase a Surety Bond
Consumer loan companies must purchase and maintain a $50,000 surety bond
Step 3 – Request a NMLS Account
The Maryland Consumer Loan License application is submitted electronically through the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System (NMLS). To submit a license application, applicants must first request to obtain an NMLS account.
Step 4 – Complete the Application
- Financial statements or verified liquid asset letter confirming the company has a minimum of $20,000 in liquid assets
- Primary company and consumer complaint contact information
- Company business plan (see the application form for the required information)
- >Certificate of Good Standing
- Company staffing and internal policies
- The following document samples:
- Representative contracts
- Consumer agreements
- Company formation documents
- Management chart detailing the company’s hierarchy
- Organizational chart detailing the company’s ownership structure
- Trust account authorization
- List of all warehouse lines of credit
- Memorandum of Tax Certification confirming all Maryland tax obligations have been met
- Personal financial statements for all individuals with at least a 10% company ownership interest
Consumer loan companies must pay the following fees when submitting their license application:
- $850 license fee
- $100 application fee
How Do Maryland Consumer Loan Companies Renew Their License?
Consumer loan companies can renew their license online through the NMLS. License holders need to simply login to their account to access their renewal application. The Maryland Consumer Loan License expires on December 31 of each year and must be renewed before the expiration date.
What Are the Insurance Requirements for the Maryland Consumer Loan License?
The State of Maryland does not require consumer loan companies to obtain any form of liability insurance as a prerequisite to obtaining a business license. Consumer loan companies must purchase and maintain a $50,000 surety bond.
How Do Maryland Consumer Loan Companies File Their Bond?
Consumer loan companies should submit the completed bond form, including the power of attorney, electronically through the NMLS. The surety bond requires signatures from both the surety company that issues the bond and a representative from the consumer loan company. The surety company should include the following information on the bond form:
- Legal name and NMLS number of entity/individual(s) buying the bond
- Surety company’s name
- Bond amount
- Date the bond goes into effect
- Date the bond is signed
What Can Maryland Consumer Loan Companies Do to Avoid Claims Against Their Bond?
To avoid claims on their bond, consumer loan companies in Maryland must follow all license regulations in the state, including some of the most important issues below that tend to cause claims:
- Do not engage in any acts of fraud
- Do not breach any contracts made with consumers
What Other Insurance Products Can Agents Offer Consumer Loan Companies in Maryland?
Maryland does not require consumer loan companies to purchase any form of liability insurance as a prerequisite to obtaining a license. However, most reputable businesses will seek to obtain this insurance anyway. Bonds are our only business at BondExchange, so we do not issue liability insurance, but our agents often utilize brokers for this specific line of business. A list of brokers in this space can be found here.
How Can Insurance Agents Prospect for Maryland Consumer Loan Company Customers?
The NMLS conveniently provides a public database to search for active consumer loan companies in Maryland. The database can be accessed here. Contact BondExchange for additional marketing resources. Agents can also leverage our print-mail relationships for discounted mailing services.